Anacaona and the cohoba ritual
The ancient habitants of the island, known as Tainos, divided the territory under a smart geopolitical and social structure, based on the different areas of cultivation and management in different communities. It was a society that put in value the importance of Mother Nature and the relationship between astronomy and the flora and fauna.
In the geographical center of this system it was currently what now is the province of San Juan de la Maguana. Specifically, in a place called Ceremonial Square of the Indians. Located five kilometers from the north of the city of San Juan, it has a circular space with about 235 meters in diameter. Its consider a symbolic place, because in it the Tainos made spiritual celebrations based on their lunar solar calendar, marking the cycle of the seasons, crops and the respective times of planting and harvesting.
In the center of this square a fusiform gray stone is raise, approximately 1.50 meters in length, with a face carved in relief on one its sides. It was a ceremonial space that connected the summer solstice, with the celebration of Areito, date loaded because it combined religious mysticism, cults and celebrations.
The monolith called Anacaona stone is the largest and most important pre-Columbian monuments of the Antilles. It pointed to the east and west, and on the date of Areito, the New Year Taino and first day of the seasonal calendar, celebration date of crops and start of plantings. The stone marked the spot between the mountains, where the Earth descend on in its rotation, the sun emerged.
All cacicazgos or tainas communities possessed a small scale replica of this Ceremonial Center, ruled by the cacique Maguana and Princess Taina Anacaona. The translation of the name Anacaona to Golden Flower was because Tainos, related to the Spanish, comparing the purity of the metal which possessed heroin, and their ancestral lineage.
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