Solars Panels, One Clean and Sustainable Alternative
Due to the costs generating by electric power in the country, the use of photovoltaic energy is increasing in recent years.
The amount of solar radiation received by our country could have other uses besides getting a tanned skin on the beach. Although it is not exploited to its maximum capacity yet, more and more Dominicans and companies that choose to install solar panels, they absorb the sun's energy to turn it into electricity.
Although many environmentalists have stated that the Dominican Republic should be committed to solar energy to face the energy crisis, its high cost remains one of the main obstacles for the implementation in Dominican residential and business sectors. The installation of solar panels in the country ranges between $ 500,000 DOP and $ 2 million DOP, only for residential sector.
However, the consulted experts agree that the citizen makes an investment which is beneficial not only to its billing, but also to Net Metering System. If the energy production is higher than consumption, the user can sell it to the Distribution Company and recover the investment over the years because each panel can have a life span from 25 to 40 years.
What do we have to consider for the installation of solar panels?
The first thing is the roofs shape. Experts recommend flat roofs; although highly populated areas like the National District, the increase of high buildings casts more shadows and prevents panels to absorb energy
The only drawback in the use of solar panels is cloudy and rainy days as the panels are poorly charged. In these cases conventional electricity has to be used. However if user doesn't have the electrical wiring, the system will operate until the charge runs out.
How does the system work?
Once the company in charge of panel installation is contacted, a representative will make a home visit to determine the monthly energy consumption and type of panels to be installed. This does not mean that the person is no longer a client of the electricity company.
By using Net Metering System now, the energy generated by the user during the day and the one to be used at night, instead of storing it in batteries, it goes to electricity company storage, i.e. via a bidirectional meter installed by the same company. According to the CNE, the country has around 387 bidirectional meters installed today. It means that users will produce energy and that meter installed by the electricity company will indicate the amount of energy generated. If the panel generates what is consumed at home, the user won't need to pay to the company; if generated energy is less than final consumption, user must pay the difference; however, if it were the other way around, the distribution company returns the user the quantity of energy produced, i.e., it is used. In this way the user saves substantial amount of money and gets a medium-term recovery of the investment.
TEXTO: Geizel Torres; IMÁGENES:Suresh