Discovering San Juan de la Maguana
Surrounded by the most extensive intra-mountainous Dominican Republic valley and flanked by the Cordillera Central and the Sierra de Neiba, it treasures the largest peak of the Antilles, Pico Duarte. An unbeatable location, San Juan de la Maguana province, is known for the many rivers that mark their landscape with colors and sounds. The basins of the tributaries San Juan, Yaque del Sur, Sabaneta, Macasias or Mijo are the hydrographic holders of their agricultural and livestock production.
Fertile and rounded land, which is accessed by vehicle after a journey of approximately three hours departing from Santo Domingo and crossing Santiago de los Caballeros; which also can be done by bus. Companies like Caribe Tours offer this route at different times each day.
As a city, its antiquity dates to 1503, date in which, according to historians, Diego Velázquez founded it with the name of San Juan de la Maguana. On one hand, alluding to the well-known evangelist and on the other, evoking the Taino word. A flourishing village for the richness of its flora and the benevolence of its mountainous climate, which prompted a strong commercial exchange thanks to the fruit and vegetables cultivations of all kinds, besides the exploitation of sugarcane. Outstanding in the Independence’s War it reached importance for its significant victory against the Haitian army in the Battle of Sabana de Santome. A time of bonanza that ends when an earthquake almost destroyed the city.
In 1592 it emerges again thanks to the worth of Governor Ovalle who relies on this territory to face an English incursion. During the 18th and 19th centuries, San Juan became a commercial bridge between Haiti and the rest of the island and the natural road for exchange of cattle for merchandise, between east and west.
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