Obesity, a deadly disease
The World Health Organization (WHO) says that since 1975, obesity has nearly tripled worldwide. In 2017, more than 1900 million adults over 18 years old had overweight, from which more than 650 million were obese. For children under five, they pointed to the figure 41 million children with this disease.
Globally have been an increase in consumption of food rich high-calorie and fat and a decrease in physical activity due to the increasingly sedentary nature of work, new modes of transportation and increasing urbanization.
Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation harmful to the health. The relationship between weight and height is marked with the body mass index (BMI), a simple indicator that is commonly used to identify overweight and obesity in adults and is calculated by dividing the weight of a person in kilograms per the square of their height in meters.
When a person has elevated BMI has a significant risk of non- communicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, particularly heart disease and stroke, diabetes, disorders of the locomotor system (especially osteoarthritis, degenerative joint disease) and some types of cancers including endometrial, breast, ovarian, prostate, liver, gall bladder, kidney and colon.
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