Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, when minutes count
An electrical shock, a heart attack, or any other event that causes unexpected cardiac arrest, including sudden death, requires an emergency procedure to save the life of any individual who is in that emergency situation.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is the method used for overcoming the first critical moments. Any previous and insignificant event like an accidental throat obstruction can trigger a tragic ending. That is why this first aid practice offers a quick solution to face an emergency situation. Unexpected and deadly, the first few minutes of a sudden heart failure are crucial. It is important that whoever is close to the people who are suffering it can quickly act. Therefore, to know how to perform a correct CPR to unblock the airways can save many lives. In fact, specialists say that for every minute without performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques, that is, those that help to keep a person alive, the chances of survival of the patient with cardiopulmonary arrest are decreased by 10%. At the same time, well-performed CPR significantly reduces the neurological sequelae that this condition can cause.
The specialists consider that it should be called cardiopulmonary resuscitation instead of resuscitation, since the techniques performing do not end when the individual recovers the heartbeat and breathing but right after the rest of the body functions are recuperated.
To perform a correct CPR, the victim must be placed face up on a hard surface that can be a floor or a board, and immediately start the chest compression techniques. This technique consists of placing the heel of one hand in the center of the sternum, between the nipples, and then put the other hand on top of the first one, interlacing the fingers. If you have an automatic external defibrillator, by its abbreviation (DEA), this has to be used at that right moment. When a CPR is performed, the one that provides the first aid, has to adopt an upright position. The shoulders should be aligned above the sternum of the patient and the hands, carrying the upper body weight over the straight arms, must compress the chest at least 2 inches. The compressions must be performed at a fast and sustained rate of at least 100 a minute, until medical care takes over.