Bees: Small But Great Workers
Global food production depends on pollination and bee population is declining worldwide. The natural process that allows flowers fertilization is about to disappear.
This laborious and free work that bees give us will have to be made by man. It has been estimated that the economic value of bees’ pollination could be around euros 265,000 million annually worldwide.
WHAT CAN WE DO?
The use of pesticide has been the worst factor. Habitat loss and industrialized agriculture have also an impact on its declining and climate change as well. In Europe a campaign has been carried out against agricultural insecticides that damage pollinators. Thanks to this pressure some of them have been withdrawn from the market.
IS THERE ANY SOLUTION? ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE
There is no need to travel far to meet the expert in the language of bees: D. Pedro de Castillo better known as “Mr. Rubio”. Mr. Rubio works in the Punta Cana Ecological Foundation, where we are impressed by seeing the relation he has with these pollinators. “The bees must be understood and respected, not everyone knows how to treat them that’s why so many accidents occurred.” “Here we know how to keep their hives in good health and productivity and they give us higher quality honey” says Mr. Rubio.
The high production curve in the area of Punta Cana is from December 15 to June 30. The nectar is used for making the honey and pollen for feeding their young. This nectar has glucose, fructose and minerals. The process is called symbiosis and it is a resource offered by flowers in exchange for pollination with the help of bees, both are needed.
Patiently Mr. Rubio answers our many questions and explains that since their birth they know what their place in the hive is. They have a very specific ritual when death is approaching; if a worker bee -45 days of life- it leaves the hive to avoid bothering its partners; in the case of the Queen bee -five years of life- she goes outside to wait for death with his entourage and leaves the others to work. In the case of the Queen bee’s death, the apiarist must watch her carefully so she does not go to any other hive creating a guerrilla.
There is a harmful parasite for the hive that Mr. Rubio kills immediately and naturally with the help of red onion. Bees collect themselves tiny particles onion in their wings and spread them on the hive to fumigate and disinfest.
It is really impressive to note the complicity between the beekeeper and bees. Once again we realize the influence of humans in nature which is not always positive, unfortunately. We are proud to see people like Mr. Rubio that helps the welfare of bees with their knowledge and experience. The balance is tangible, the flora of this area is abundant and ecological agriculture is a fact.
In any case, it is an example to be followed in many areas that must stop using chemicals and protect soil, water and climate.
From an economic viewpoint their protection is worthy and some governments should take this into account by having a greater regulation in the uncontrolled use of pesticides.
Tags: Fauna and Flora