Daylight Saving Time, Clocks are not touched in the island
Is it summer or winter time? This is not a question to be considered in the Dominican Republic, as it has the same schedule throughout the year. This means that we don't need to know if clock shifts one hour back or forward like in other countries.
While most countries don't apply DST, it should be noted that some of them did take this measure at some point and abandoned it later.
Where did the idea of DST come from? The fi rst time daylight saving occurred was during the First World War (1914-1918) in order to reduce energy consumption at homes. After the war, some states kept DST and others shifted clocks again. During the oil crisis of 1973 is when it was really reapplied. Its goal was to harness power of sunlight to save energy.
The idea really came up in 1784 when Benjamin Franklin sent a letter to the newspaper Le Journal, Paris, proposing three measures to save energy. The first measure was the imposition of a tax on those whose shutters would prevent the entry of light into rooms. The second one was to regulate the consumption of candles and wax and the third was to ring the bells of churches worldwide for everyone to get up at the same time. These measures were not taken into account until many years later and DST was implemented in 1974.
Although there is currently only one time schedule in the Dominican Republic (local time is Caribbean Eastern Time (GMT -4), there was a time when the DST was applied. A clear example is in 2000 when President Hipolito Mejia shifted clocks one-hour forward to save fuel, he noted. However a month later clocks shifted one hour back because parents began to complain about the darkness when their children returned home.
Paraguay, Uruguay and southern Brazil are among Latin American countries that do have summer and winter time. Others like Venezuela, Suriname, Guyana and French Guiana have never used DST. The rest have made DST clock shifts at some point in their history.
The idea of clock shifts one-hour back or forward has a clear purpose: to harness power of sunlight and thus save energy. However, all countries are not agreed with this measure because the objective is not clear enough for them. Proof of this is Chile, which no longer apply DST since 2015.
Some experts say that these changes affect sleep and food habits and the much-proclaimed energy effi ciency is not such as because many companies work simultaneously in different countries and if clock shifts don't occur in all of them the energy saving will be not possible. The truth is that more and more voices fi ght for DST elimination.
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