The German author Goethe used to state that each individual has the right to change himself with the purpose of getting rejuvenated. The concept of beauty has been around for ages and its universal and realistic existence has also been around in history since the beginning of humankind.
In the old times, women desired to face this kind of beauty and have applied different methods to achieve it. For instance, most cosmetics were used in Rome for the first time and were part of the daily women´s life of all social status.
Nowadays, “chemical peeling” is one of the most demanded rejuvenating methods of all times. Men and women feel attracted to this great method and have obtained many benefits using it. It could be applied on the face and also combined with other beauty chemical methods in order to eliminate the superficial damaged skin and exfoliate the outer and more exposed part of it. Among its benefits, chemical peeling improves damaged skin by the sun rays, it is a great anti-aging method that helps heal acne, varicose, scar, and age spots.
This treatment can be applied in different depths (light, medium and deep), this depends on the results the specialist is aiming at. Each treatment uses a specific type of chemical solutions. Deep chemical peeling often have better results; however, it takes longer for patients to recover.
Treatments that use Alpha hydroxy acids are called “light chemical peeling”. Specialists use this method for light depth treatment. Common acids used for this kind of treatment are lactic acid, acid of fruits, salicylic acid o glycolic acid. It consists of removing the external skin to soothe the fine lines and rough skin.
It may be applied in almost of all parts of the body or if needed, in a specific damaged area. It must not be applied around the mouth and eyes. It is an easy and quick treatment that most specialists do in their own consulting rooms, doctors´ offices, or in most outpatient surgical centers. First, the specialist ought to remove any oily residue or dirt of skin. Then, the doctor applies the alpha hydroxybased exfoliating solution for about 10-15 minutes and then it needs to be removed afterwards. Finally, the patient´s face is washed off with abundant fresh cold water. No lotion is needed after treatment. Some patients require more peeling sessions to fully remove all damaged skin. This is an ideal treatment for those who wish to recover quickly.
Trichloro acetic acid treatment, also called “medium-depth” peeling uses trichloro acetic acid to soothe fine lines and remove superficial spots as well as even the skin color throughout the skin surface. It is good for the neck, body, and face. Doctors recommend this type of peeling for dark-skinned people too.
Medium-depth peeling treatments require a skin preparation. This can be achieved by applying solutions that contain alpha hydroxy acids. Doctors apply this acid on patients ‘skin for about 15 minutes. Each clinical case is different and determines how much exposure to this acid is necessary. More sessions are provided depending on how damaged the skin area is or upon doctor´s advice. Monthly treatments are seldom recommended to obtain better results. After treatment, mild swelling and discomfort may appear. Patients need at least a week to fully recover and return to their daily routines.
Phenol (carbolic acid) based peeling is also known as phenol exfoliation and can only be applied once. It could even reduce the deep wrinkles and remove cancer-inducing tumors. This is one of the most aggressive peeling treatments available in the market. Skin might not be able to produce more pigments after this kind of treatment. It lasts between one and two hours and recovery may last over a month. Dark-skinned people shall not get this type of treatment as well as patients who suffer from heart disease. However, scientists are currently developing new treatments for patients with such heart problems and skin features.
Deep chemical exfoliation may cause some secondary effects and risks. However, these effects can be lower. Solar exposition should be avoided for several months after treatment. Patients can return to work and regular activities after 2 weeks treatment is finished.